Activities of RSS & Hindhu Maha Sabha during Dec 1947 -Jan 1948
On December 6, 1947, Golwalkar convened a meeting of RSS workers in the town of Govardhan, not far from Delhi. The police report on this meeting says it discussed how to “assassinate the leading persons of the Congress in order to terrorise the public and to get their hold over them”.
Two days later, Golwalkar addressed a crowd of several thousand volunteers at the Rohtak Road Camp in Delhi. The police reporter in attendance wrote that the RSS leader said that “the Sangh will not rest content until it had finished Pakistan. If anyone stood in our way we will have to finish them too, whether it was Nehru Government or any other Government… “ Referring to Muslims, he said that no power on earth could keep them in Hindustan. They should have to quit this country… “If they were made to stay here the responsibility would be the Government’s and the Hindu community would not be responsible. Mahatma Gandhi could not mislead them any longer. We have the means whereby [our] opponents could be immediately silenced”. – The Guru of Hate -R.Guha
To S. Radhakrishnan.
New Delhi 22
My dear Radhakrishnan,
I have just received your letter of the 17th. I am glad you think that India’s heart is sound. I confess that some doubts have arisen in my own mind about this. I suppose fundamentally it is sound but it has got hidden in so many layers of the wrong stuff that it is often difficult to feel the heartbeats. There is no doubt that Pakistan and the people behind Pakistan started this terrible business of hatred and killing. But there is also little doubt that both sides indulged in it in equal measure. There is nothing to choose between the inequities of either. Our own present problem here is not so much of what Pakistan does or does not do, but what many of our own people do. In this connection I might say that I was rather sorry to read some time back that you had encouraged the R.S.S.(1) This organization is one of the most mischievous in India at present. Gandhiji’s fast is over and he is keeping fairly well. The fast produced good results and even Pakistan was affected.(2) But the evil is too deep to be cured easily. – I think you should continue your membership of the Constituent Assembly. The constitution-making body will not be meeting till April.
Yours, Jawaharlal Nehru
1. Radhakrishnan, addressing the volunteers of the Rashtriya Swayamsawak Sangh in Rewa on 29 December 1947, appreciated the Sangh’s discipline, self-sacrifice, endurance and courage and asked them to fit into the national mainstream.
2. Warm tributes were paid to Mahatma Gandhi in the West Punjab Assembly by the members of the Muslim League.
To Vallabhbhai Patel
22 January 1948
My dear Vallabhbhai,
Most of the Urdu and Hindi newspapers of Delhi have been writing poisonous stuff during the last few weeks. This was noticeable especially during Gandhiji’s fast. These newspapers or some of them are official organs of the Hindu Mahasabha or are aligned with it.(1) I do not know what steps can be taken about this matter but I think much of our trouble at this end is due to this totally unbalanced writing in the press, just as the Pakistan newspapers write poisonous stuff. In view of the attitude of the Hindu Mahasabha and the R.S.S. it is becoming increasingly difficult to be neutral towards them.
1. A leading article in the Hindu Outlook stated that Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru should be murdered. An anonymous poster in Hindi incited the public “to murder Mahatma Gandhi, to cut him to pieces and throw his flesh to dogs and crows”. The Hindu Mahasabha held meetings in defiance of the ban order and criticized the Congress and the Government for helping the Muslims
To T. G. Sanjeevi.
27 January 1948
Reports have reached me from various sources in Delhi and in other provinces about the increasingly aggressive and offensive activities of the Hindu Mahasabha. Some of the reports of the speeches are really extraordinary in their virulence.(1) I understand that this evening a meeting was held in Connaught Circus where very offensive speeches were made and slogans shouted.(2) I should like to know what your information is about all these activities and what steps, if any, are being taken in regard to them.
1. When Rs. 55 crores were given to Pakistan on the insistence of Mahatma Gandhi speeches inciting people to violence were made by R.S.S. leaders in Delhi and Pune, Some East Punjab papers were writing in the same hostile strain. A pamphlet described Mahatma Gandhi “as an enemy of the Hindus” and said, if he did “not change his ways, steps should be taken to neutralize him.”
1. At a meeting in Delhi on 27 January 1948, W. G. Deshpande and Ram Singh said that there could be no peace in the country so long as Muslims remained. The only way to make India strong and powerful was to establish a Hindu Rashtra.
A day before his assassination, Gandhi had sent Pyarelal to the Mahasabha leader, Shyama Prasad Mookerjee. Gandhi wanted inflammatory speeches from the Mahasabha side “containing incitement to assassination of some Congress leaders” to stop. Mookerjee’s reply was “halting and unsatisfactory”. Pyarelal, Mahatma Gandhi: The Last Phase, Vol. II, Navajivan Publishing House, Ahmedabaad, 1958, p.768.
My dear Dr. Mookerjee,
For some time past I have been greatly distressed by the activities of the Hindu Mahasabha.(1) At the present moment it is functioning not only as the main opposition to the Government and to the Congress in India but as an organization continually inciting to violence. The R.S.S. has behaved in an even worse way and we have collected a mass of information about its very objectionable activities and its close association with riots and disorder.
Apart from what I have written above, what pains me most is the extreme vulgarity and indecency of speeches being made from Hindu Mahasabha platforms. “Gandhi Murdabad”(2) is one of their special slogans. Recently a prominent leader of the Hindu Mahasabha stated that an objective to be aimed at was the hanging of Nehru, Sardar Patel and Maulana Azad.
Normally one does not like to interfere with any political activities however much one may dislike them. But there is a limit to this kind of thing, and I fear that the limit is being reached if it has not already been crossed. I write to you specially because of your own close association with the Hindu Mahasabha. We are continually being asked in our party, in the Constituent Assembly as well as elsewhere as to your position in this matter. I should be grateful to you if you will let me know how you propose to deal with this situation which must be as embarrassing to you as it ís to me….
1. The Hindu Mahasabha had held meetings in defiance of the ban ordering Pune, Ahmed nagar and Delhi. Speeches were delivered that Mahatma Gandhi was an impediment and the sooner he died the better it would be for the country. There were nearly 700 cases against the R.S.S. men in the two months after 15 August 1947, the charges against them being of collecting arms, attacking villages and assaulting individuals.
2. On 24 January 1948 some people had gathered outside the gate of Birla House and said “Let Gandhi die”. Nehru was coming out after a meeting with Mahatma Gandhi and hearing this he got out of his car and shouted: “How dare you say those words 7 Come and kill me first.” The demonstrators then dispersed.
To Vallabhbhai Patel
28 January 1948
My dear Vallabhbhai,
Lal Bahadur Shastri, Minister, U.P. Government, tells me that they have received information to the effect that R.S.S. men are being trained in Bharatpur with arms. Many of these people go from the U.P. for training in camps or otherwise and then return with arms. We had heard previously of such training camps being run in Bharatpur State.(1) Apparently this kind of thing is still going on to some extent and the U.P. Government are rather worried about it.
1. R.S.S. camps and rallies had been arranged in May-June 1947 in the States of Bhamtpur and Alwar and military training was also given to R.S.S. volunteers in these States.
To Syama Prasad Mookerjee
4 February 1948
My dear Dr. Mookerjee,
You will remember my writing to you some days ago about the activities of the Hindu Mahasabha or their leaders which were embarrassing alike to you and me.You were going to Calcutta about that time and you told me that you yourself were worried over this matter and that you would discuss it on your return.
2. Since then a great tragedy has taken place and the situation has infinitely worsened. The Hindu Mahasabha is associated in people’s minds in some ways with this tragedy and, as you know, there is a great deal of excitement in the country.
3. Whatever our attitude to the Hindu Mahasabha might be, the question I raised in my last letter to you faces us still and with greater intensity. Already members of our party in the Assembly are asking me this question and insist on an answer. It is very probable that they might raise it at the party meeting this afternoon.
4. I myself am convinced that the day for communal organizations in politics is past and we should not encourage them in any way. In particular it is difficult and embarrassing for all concerned for a Minister of the Central Government to be personally associated with a communal organization like the Hindu Mahasabha which, even on the political plane, is opposed to our general policy and indeed to the Government as a whole.
5. You must have given thought to these matters. It is a little difficult for me to advise you, but, if I may do so, I think that the time has come for you to raise your voice against communal organizations including the Mahasabha and, in any event, to sever your connection with the Hindu Mahasabha. Any such action from you would be greatly appreciated by the party and, I think, the country.
Sources :: SWJN II Vol 5
Page 21 To Vallabhai Patel
Page 22 To Radhakrishnan
Page 29 To T.G.Sanjeevi
Page 30 To Vallabhai patel
Page 29 To Syama Prasad Mookerjee
Page 32 Page 46 Syama Prasad Mookerjee
Page 47 To Vallabhai Patel
Sardar Patel Correspondence Vol 6 Page 31-33
The guru of hate -R.Guha (The Hindu)