காந்தியின் ஆசிரமத்தில் வசித்த தமிழ் (பறையர்) குடும்பம்




காந்தியின் தென்னாப்பிரிக்க மற்றும் இந்திய ஆசிரமத்தில் வசித்த தரங்கம்பாடியைச் சேர்ந்த தமிழ் (பறையர்) குடும்பம் – செல்வனின் (குண்டடிபட்டு இறந்தவர்) மனைவி , மூத்த மகன் அந்தோணிமுத்து , இளைய மகன்  நாய்யகர் –  1914 ல் எடுக்கப்பட்ட புகைப்படம்

paraiyar

 

ஒப்பந்த கூலி எண் : – 74863
ஆண்டு : – செப் 1898 (நாட்டலுக்கு வந்த தேதி)
பெயர் :- செல்வன் ஆரோக்கியம் வயது :- 26
மனைவி : – அருளாயி (74864) வயது:- 22
மகன் :- அந்தோணிமுத்து (74865) வயது : – 5
——————————————–from “The South African Gandhi: Stretcher-Bearer of Empire – Ashwin Desai, Goolem Vahed”

Clarke, Corporal Sparks and Corporal Brydges were all slashed (NA: 28 November 1913). Five strikers were killed, twenty-nine injured and hospitalised, and fifty-five treated for injuries caused by severe beatings. One woman was shot in the ankle (NM: 28 November 1913). Selvan (indentured number 74863), Guruvadu, and Subrayan Gounden (116739) died from gunshot wounds, and between Blackburn and Hill Head, Pachiappen (150046), and Ragavan (131353) were also killed by gunshots.

We know little about the lives of the strikers who were killed. Selvan Arokiam arrived in Natal on the Congella in September 1898 with his wife, Arulayi (74864) and son, Antonimuthu (74865). Selvan was twentysix, Arulayi twenty-two, and Antonimuthu five. They were recorded as of the pariah’ caste from the village of Voldalur in South Arcot and were assigned to Aiken Bros. in Port Shepstone. After completing his indenture, Selvan and his family re-indentured twice, the tax preventing them from starting their non-indentured lives. At the time of the strike, Selvan had just completed his third consecutive term of indenture. He had both the experience and grievances to be a strike leader’.

——————————————- From Gandhi’s diary 
APRIL 30, FRIDAY
Reached Mayavaram in morning. Left for Tranquebar in tonga. Stopped at Semnarkoil on the way. Meeting at Tranquebar in the evening.Address from Panchamas.MAY 1, SATURDAY
Went to Ramapuram and Teliyadi in morning. Left for Mayavaram in evening. Address there. There are a thousand handlooms in Mayavaram, manufacturing women’s fabrics. Took train to Madras at night. Naiker, Selvan’s son, accompanied.
MAY 2, SUNDAY
Reached Madras. Talk with Nate[san] about Panchamas. Meeting with students.
MAY 3, MONDAY
Went for dinner at Mr. Shastriar’s. Left for Nellore in the evening. Stayed with De[wan] Ba[hadur] Ramchandra Rao there. Accompanied by Naiker and Ada. Mr. C. Srinivas Ayyangar gave Rs. 500/-. Entrusted the amount to Natesan. NOVEMBER 17, WEDNESDAY
Trouble more acute. Naiker’s mother & his brother came.
NOVEMBER 21, SUNDAY
Raichand jayanti.
Less pain. Naiker & his mother left.

LETTER TO V. S. SRINIVASA SASTRI
AHMEDABAD ,
September 23 [1915]
DEAR MR. SHASTRIAR,
When I took in Naiker, Mrs. Gandhi did not ‘kick’. Now I had to decide whether I was to take in a grown-up Gujarati Dhed with his wife. I decided to take him and she rebelled against it and so did another lady at the Ashram. There was quite a flutter in the Ashram. There is a flutter even in Ahmedabad. I have told Mrs. Gandhi she could leave me and we should part good friends. The step is momentous because it so links me with the suppressed classes mission that I might have at no distant time to carry out the idea of shifting to some Dhed quarters and sharing their life with the Dheds . It would mean much even for my staunchest co-workers. I have now given you the outline of the story. There is nothing grand about it. It is of importance to me because it enables me to demonstrate the efficacy of passive resistance in social questions and when I take the final step, it will embrace swaraj, etc. Please share this with Dr. Deva and any other member you please.
Yours sincerely,
M. K. GANDHI
Letter to Khushalchand Gandhi (August 31, 1918)
WITH HUMBLE RESPECTS TO MU. BHAISHRI,
Your letter arrived just a little while ago and I am replying immediately. You have a right to write to me even in bitter words. Who else would write to me in this manner if not you? I also understand your being shocked. But there seems to be some misunderstanding as to the fact of the case. I do not at all desire that kind of change in the society at large. In the Ashram, however, from the beginning, it has been our rule not to observe the Varnavyavastha(The traditional Indian social system based on birth and hereditary occupation) because the position of the Ashram is different from that of the society outside. When you were here on a visit, the same practice was followed. Dudhabhai, his wife and Lakshmi all three lived with me at Kocharab and had their meals with me. Dudhabhai’s wife used to enter the kitchen, too. There was also another antyaj boy. What we are doing at present is not new………………………..

Respectful prostration by

MOHANDAS

 

Related :  காந்தியின் வளர்ப்பு மகள் லட்சுமி(பட்டியல் சாதி)

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