இதோ `டாக்டர் சர்டிபிகேட் பாருமென்றும்
To implement his directive in 1937, Rajaji appointed not an Indian official but a British I.C.S man, A.F.W. Dixon. The tall Collector and his Prohibition Officer, Thompson, also British, neither of them teetotallers, agreed to abide by Rajaji’s request that they would not drink while in the district nor apply for a permit. Both were scrupulously fair in enforcing the law and their example created the image the wily Rajaji had hoped for: “White officials implementing a very un-British policy without fear or favour”.
Dixon was indeed a model civilian with a deep commitment to improvement of conditions in India. He was a Cambridge Rowing Blue but he loved cricket, even if he was not very good at it. As Secretary of Education in the 1930s, he was determined to improve the standard of Indian cricket in colleges and clubs. And so he raised `Dixon’s XI’s’ that included some of the best European and Indian cricketers in the Presidency, to play against college and club teams. Dixon’s team was the first in which Europeans and Indians played together on the same team in Madras. No wonder, when Dixon moved to Salem and the irrepressible Denniston of Best’s took over, the I Zingari type teams were formally named the Eccentrics!
- Another end to Prohibition (Apr 08, 2002 The Hindu)
- When Rajaji pleaded against lifting prohibition (July 22, 2015 The Hindu)
Almost a century ago, when literacy and interest in reading was very low, an exclusive magazine with the sole purpose of carrying out a campaign for prohibition ran successfully with the circulation crossing 4,000 within ten months. It was edited and published by none other than the visionary freedom fighter and first Governor General of India, C Rajagopalachari, from his ashram at Tiruchengode. He was assisted in this mission by ‘Kalki’ R Krishnamurthy, who later became a popular writer and journalist.
Running a magazine dedicated for this, and successfully in 1929-30, when reading magazines was not widespread as today, is considered a rare achievement in journalism. A doubting Thomas initially, ‘Kalki’ had vividly recalled his stint with the journal, published for ten months, as well as his stay at the ashram in an article written in 17 April 1947.
“The very idea of a magazine on prohibition struck me as odd and adventurous. When Rajaji spoke about the magazine christened as ‘Vimochanam’, I had too many apprehensions,” he says.
But, it was the period when the anit-liquor campaign was part of the Congress’ freedom struggle.
First of all what struck him was whether an exclusive magazine on prohibition could be published. No wonder that he was bewildered on coming to know that the number of pages would be 40 and all of them would be devoted against liquor. But an unfazed Rajaji simply said, “We will make people buy it. We will make it fascinating” and went on to prepare the first edition.
The cover page itself was interesting with pictures depicting the evil effects of liquor. Besides, Rajaji penned a song resembling poet Subramania Bharathi’s ‘Jayaperikai Kottada”. The magazine had two interesting stories on alcoholism, few articles, brief notes and cartoons on the subject. Rajaji also came out with questions and answers on the subject.
The magazine prepared in Tiruchengode was printed at the Hindi Prachara Sabha press in Triplicane in the city. The printed bundles were taken to Tiruchengode for circulation through post. With reading habit then remaining confined to to a few, even magazines dealing with other fascinating subjects were not making any profit.