பஞ்சத்தைப் பற்றி அம்பேத்கர்

From the Presidential address at the first session of the Depressed Classes Congress, held at Nagpur on August 8, 1930, under the presidentship of Ambedkar
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“In the first quarter of the 19th century when British Rule in India had become an established fact, there were five famines with an estimated loss of 1,000,000 lives. During the second quarter there were six famines with a recorded loss of life of 5,000,000. And during the last quarter of the century what do you find? Eighteen famines with an estimated mortality which readied the awful total between 15,000,000 and 26,000,000.” In plain terms, he asserted, the cause of this chronic poverty was the deliberate policy pursued by the British Government in the conduct of the Government of this country, and although he paid his mead of praise to the British Government in India for maintaining law and order, he said: ” But we cannot forget that people,including the Depressed Classes, do not live on law and order ;what they live oil is bread and butter.”

Ambedkar, therefore, warned his people that all their wrongs could not be righted as long as the British Government remained in power. ” It is only in a Swaraj constitution,” he observed, ” that you stand any chance of getting political power in your hands without which you cannot bring salvation to our people. Do not be obsessed by the past. Do not be swayed by fear or favour from any quarter in making your own decision. Consult your best interests and I am sure you will accept Swaraj as your goal.”

Dhananjay Keer’s Dr. Ambedkar: Life and Mission page 142

Image source :: Wikipedia 

Timeline of major famines in India during British rule

THE UNTOUCHABLES AND THE PAX BRITANNICA  – Ambedkar 

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